215 a long time back. Revolution in Haiti in opposition to Slavery. Remembrance Working day November 18
“As for your male and female slaves whom you may perhaps have: you may well acquire male and feminine slaves from amongst the nations that are all around you. You may well also obtain from amid the strangers who sojourn with you and their clans that are with you, who have been born in your land, and they could be your residence. You may perhaps bequeath them to your sons following you to inherit as a possession for at any time”. Leviticus 25: 44-46 (Phrase of the Judeo-Christian god, according to its chosen people’s religious publications)
There was a time, not so prolonged back, when popes, kings and queens enriched by themselves and created wide empires on the revenue made with the sweat and blood of kidnapped males, girls and young children loaded on ships, stacked like sardines and reduced to slavery on plantations of espresso, sugar, cotton, cocoa, all in excess of the Americas. From the 1444 Portuguese assaults towards the coast of Africa, followed by the 1452 papal bull of pope Nicholas V which invited Christians to assault and enslave non-Christians, to the trustworthy calendar year of 1791, hundreds of thousands of human beings had previously been kidnapped, terrorized, thrown to sharks in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean.
Pope Nicholas V issued the papal bull Dum Diversas on 18 June, 1452 which reads as follows:
“We weighing all and singular the premises with owing meditation, and noting that considering that we experienced previously by other letters of ours granted between other points free and ample college to the aforesaid King Alfonso — to invade, look for out, seize, vanquish, and subdue all Saracens and pagans in any respect, and other enemies of Christ wheresoever positioned, and the kingdoms, dukedoms, principalities, dominions, belongings, and all movable and immovable products whatsoever held and possessed by them and to lessen their folks to perpetual slavery, and to utilize and appropriate to himself and his successors the kingdoms, dukedoms, counties, principalities, dominions, belongings, and goods, and to convert them to his and their use and profit”.
The Jesus of Lubeck – Slave Ship delivered by Queen Elizabeth I to John Hawkins.
It is in just these types of an ambiance of unparalleled terrorism and human decadence that a exceptional gathering of guys and girls took put on the small Caribbean island of Haiti, the night of August 14-15, 1791.
Recognized as the Bwa Kay Iman Ceremony, it is explained that this groundbreaking meeting introduced alongside one another associates of 20-one particular displaced African nations who vowed to revolt against the powers that had unleashed in opposition to their persons such a relentless campaign of terror a genocide that was expertly conceived and carried out, point out-sponsored and financed, justified with numerous literary functions and blessed by the most powerful and influential religious institutions of the day.
Singular only in its successful summary, Bwa Kay Iman counts amongst its principal leaders a woman named Cecile Fatiman and a gentleman called Boukman. The lady, herself a former slave and a Vodou Priest, was stated to be born of an African mom and a European father (a Corsican Prince). Boukman, also a Vodou Priest, was reported to have been formerly enslaved on the island of Jamaica, ahead of staying bought to a plantation in Haiti.
The following prayer has been attributed to Boukman officiating at the Bwa Kay Iman ceremony:
“The god who developed the earth who created the sun that presents us light-weight. The god who holds up the ocean who will make the thunder roar. Our God who has ears to hear. You who are hidden in the clouds who watch us from wherever you are. You see all that the white has produced us endure. The white man’s god asks him to dedicate crimes. But the god inside us desires to do superior. Our god, who is so very good, so just, He orders us to revenge our wrongs. It is He who will direct our arms and provide us the victory. It’s He who will aid us. We all should really throw away the image of the white men’s god who is so pitiless. Hear to the voice for liberty that speaks in all our hearts.”
Thus, Boukman, the world’s initial recognised liberation theologian evoked “Bondye”, a actually excellent and universal creator. Boukman admonished his folks to throw away the portraits of the malevolent and deceitful god of Napoleon, Elizabeth and John Newton because he recognized the hurt these photos have been leading to to the kidnapped and displaced African’s psyche. So, he invited them to as a substitute hear to the voice of the accurate creator of the universe who sends a music of freedom to their hearts. His theology was very exact and was evidently diametrically opposed to Eurochristianity.
“Servants, be in subjection to your masters with all worry not only to the great and gentle, but also to the wicked. 19 For it is commendable if anyone endures pain, suffering unjustly, since of conscience toward God”. 1 Peter 2:18-19 (Term of the Judeo-Christian god, in accordance to its decided on people’s spiritual books)
Honoring their Bwa Kay Iman pledge, the Africans of Haiti released an all-out war from the armies of France, Britain and Spain which they would at some point defeat, thanks to the military savvy of the maroons and the apt management of Generals Toussaint Louverture, Jean-Jacques Dessalines, Alexandre Pétion and Henry Christophe. The revolted Africans also counted among the them intense females warriors like Sanite Bélair, Marie-Jeanne Lamartinière and the aged Toya Mantou, aunt of General Jean-Jacques Dessalines.
Remembrance Day: November 18
Twelve years right after the Bwa Kay Iman uprising, General Dessalines would outwit French Generals Leclerc (Napoleon Bonaparte’s brother-in-law ) and his specifically unscrupulous successor Donatien Rochambeau. Dessalines would properly chase the last European slave makers out of the island, on November 18, 1803. The resounding victory realized by the revolted Africans would drive Napoleon to abandon his dream of constructing a French empire (fueled by racial slavery) in the Americas.
Structure of Haiti, 1805
“The individuals inhabiting the island formerly known as St. Domingo, hereby agree to kind them selves into a cost-free condition sovereign and unbiased of any other electrical power in the universe, under the identify of empire of Hayti” – Write-up 1
“Slavery is for good abolished” – Short article 2
Scarcely days just after the creation of the Republic of Haiti, Jean-Jacques Dessalines published a decree in which he introduced his intention to devote component of the nation’s meager article-war finances to securing the emancipation of previously enslaved human beings.
Quite a few American slave ship captains gathered the 40 pounds payment Dessalines had reserved for the launch of every previously enslaved person who sets foot on Haitian soil.
Dessalines also provided Haitian citizenship to soldiers from Poland and Germany who were introduced to Haiti as section of Napoleon’s military but who chose to facet with the abolitionist African freedom fighters.
Contrast Dessalines’ benevolent conduct toward the Poles and the Germans with the ungrateful frame of mind adopted in the direction of the Africans who, a long time later on, would enable liberate numerous European towns of Nazi tyranny:
BBC’s Document programme has viewed proof that black colonial troopers – who created up all-around two-thirds of Cost-free French forces – were being intentionally taken out from the unit that led the Allied advance into the French funds. http://news.bbc.co.united kingdom/2/hello/europe/7984436.stm
As U.S., French and British troops were traveling to Rome, Pope Pius XII dispatched his Secretary of Condition, Cardinal Luigi Maglione to current an incredible question to the Ambassador of Good Britain to the Holy See, Sir Francis Godolphin d’ Arcy Osborne. “The Pope hopes that there will be no troopers of color among the Allied troops to be deployed in Rome right after the liberation “.
The God Of Dessalines
“As very well in our identify as in that of the persons of Hayti, who have legally constituted us faithfully organs and interpreters of their will, in existence of the Supreme Getting, just before whom all mankind are equivalent, and who has scattered so quite a few species of creatures on the surface area of the earth for the goal of manifesting his glory and his electric power by the range of his is effective, in the existence of all nature by whom we have been so unjustly and for so extended a time considered as outcast children…
…Do declare that the tenor of the existing constitution is the totally free spontaneous and invariable expression of our hearts, and the common will of our constituents, and we post it to the sanction of H.M. the Emperor Jacques Dessalines our deliverer, to get its speedy and whole execution…
…We suggest it to our successors, and present it to the pals of liberty, to philanthropists of all nations, as a sign pledge of the Divine Bounty, who in the program of his immortal decrees, has offered us an chance of breaking our fetters, and of constituting ourselves a men and women, free civilized and unbiased.
In Haitian Kreyòl, there can be no ambiguity as to the mother nature of the creator of the universe, as envisaged by Boukman and Dessalines. She is inescapably superior due to the fact she is BON-DYE! Therefore, by definition, she should usually be on the side of good, not evil freedom, not bondage justice, not injustice. However, the identical are not able to be stated of the gods of EuroChristianity (aka gods of Israel), be it Yaweh, Jehovah or Elohim. As described for occasion in the EuroChristian Bible, the god of Israel had eternally been an ethnocentric deity who has no qualms siding with violent invaders of other peoples lands. Justice has by no means been a paramount value for this deity. The only matter that counts for it is the victory of its very own clan – by any indicates necessary. That deity, alternatively than condemning slavery, offers distinct directives to its preferred clan to enslave other human beings whom he considers fewer deserving of liberty (Leviticus 25) and he goes as significantly as joining them in barbaric functions of thievery (Joshua 10).
This is specifically why our beloved Boukmann felt it vital to contrast the justice-loving Bondye of the surviving Africans in opposition to that other entity, the partial and ethnocentric god who enjoys injustice and greed and who thirsts for African blood and tears – as he experienced also loved the tears and the blood of the Amorites, the Malechites or other victims of Abraham, Joshua, David, Moses…all violent invaders of other peoples lands and possessions.
Thankfully, the historical file also factors us to intelligent human beings of all shades who have continuously denounced the utter stupidity of these risky, ethnocentric theologies. Just one this kind of blessed soul is maybe the most famous scientist of modern day history, brother Albert Einstein.
In his “God letter”, Einstein describes the Bible as “a assortment of honorable, but however primitive legends which are nevertheless quite childish”. Brother Einstein continues…
No interpretation no issue how delicate can (for me) adjust this. These subtilised interpretations are extremely manifold in accordance to their nature and have virtually absolutely nothing to do with the primary text. For me the Jewish religion like all other religions is an incarnation of the most childish superstitions. And the Jewish people today to whom I gladly belong and with whose mentality I have a deep affinity have no diverse excellent for me than all other people. As far as my encounter goes, they are also no greater than other human groups, even though they are safeguarded from the worst cancers by a deficiency of electrical power. Usually I simply cannot see just about anything ‘chosen’ about them.
Haitians have been in no way xenophobes and shall by no means become so. On the other hand, we will generally stand against white supremacist tyranny on this earth. That is our collective future and we have espoused it with courage and enthusiasm. Content Remembrance Working day to 1 and all!
Jafrikayiti (Jean Saint-Vil) self-describes as a devout scholar of factors pertaining to Haiti, historical past, science and religion. The creator of “LAFIMEN: Listwa Pèp Ayisyen Depi Nan Ginen” life in Canada. He will be at Miami’s Liberi Mapou, December 8, 2013 to supply a chat titled: “God and the devil in Haitian history”.